熙疣眄 耦徉觇 枢怅噻耜 钼鬣痍  佯邃礤噻栲蝰赅 钼鬣痍

熙疣眄 耦徉觇 枢怅噻耜 钼鬣痍 佯邃礤噻栲蝰赅 钼鬣痍
蔓耱噔觇, 族祜桀磬螓

岩劳睦幸 衔形嫩 研拍团狼壤已世 温桌惺

FCI-Standard N 335 / 09.02.2011
铕桡桧嚯 耱囗溧痱 疣珈妁屙 磬 铘桷栲朦眍 襦轵 FCI, 玟羼

市酪世 妊椅腥着咽肋 严欣率

佯邃礤噻栲蝰赅 钼鬣痍 (牙) - 钿磬 桤 漯邂礤轼桴 镱痤 耦徉.

项痤溧 纛痨桊钼嚯囫 矬蝈 羼蝈耱忮眄钽 铗犷疣 蝈麇龛 犷脲 麇 麇螓疱 螓 脲 磬 钽痤祉铋 蝈痧栩铕梃, 觐蝾疣 疣耧痤耱疣弪 磬耱 怵屐 铗 枢耧栝耜钽 祛 漕 疏蜞 铗 捩眍泐 羽嚯 漕 吏汔龛耱囗.

砚铄 磬耠邃桢 镱痤溧 忮溴 铗 漯邂礤轼桴 耦徉 诣徨蜞, 镟耱篪 耦徉, 铗 耦徉 疣珉梓睇 觐麇恹 镫屐屙, 觐蝾瘥 蝈耥 疋玎睇 祛磴铍觐 钼鬣痍铋 蜩徨蝰觇 爨耱梏铎.

牙 铖眍忭铎 桉镱朦珙忄腓顸 潆 玎螓 牮箫眍泐 痤汔蝾泐 耜铗, 赅疣忄眍 骅腓 躅桧, 镱溻屦汔腓顸 驽耱觐祗 羼蝈耱忮眄铎 铗犷痼.

驽臌 篑腩忤 耋耱忸忄龛 镱耱眄 犷瘘徉 蹊桕囔 耵铕扈痤忄腓 忭屮龛 钺腓 玎赅腓腓 踵疣牝屦 铋 耦徉觇, 皲咫嚯 邋 耔朦眍, 徨耨蝠帏眍, 磬篦桦 铐铎眍 疣聃钿钼囹 屦汨.

戾耱圊 桉觐眄钽 钺栩囗 耩邃礤噻栲蝰觇 钼鬣痍 桉镱朦珞 镳彖祗耱忮眄 潆 玎螓 耱噤 铗 蹊桕钼, 蜞赕 赅麇耱忮 耱铕铈邂 耦徉.

青忸漶赅 疣犷蜞 镱痤漕 猁豚 磬鬣蜞 蜒研 30- 泐潲 XX 耱铍弪.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

Central Asia Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of dogs.

They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in the vast territory, which spreads nowadays from the Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan.

Its heritage is from the most ancient dogs of Tibet, Cattle Dogs from various nomad tribes' dogs that are closely related to the Mongolian Shepherd Dog and the Tibetan Mastiff.

The CASD were mainly used to protect cattle, caravans and the owner's dwellings, and being exposed to rigid natural selection.

Hard living conditions and constant struggle against predators have had influence on the shape as well as the dog's character and it has made it strong, fearless, and taught it to save its energy.

In the places of primordial habitation, the CASD were used mainly to protect herds from predators and also as guard dogs.

The work with the breed started in the USSR in the 1930s.

 

瘟倥 孪抛酪伺腿

佯邃礤噻栲蝰赅 钼鬣痍 - 耦徉赅 汔痨铐梓眍泐 耠铈屙 牮箫眍泐 痤耱, 箪屦屙眍 疣耱眢蝾泐 纛痨囹 (礤 潆桧磬 礤 觐痤蜿).

填铄, 祗耜箅桉蝾 蝈腩, 钺祉铋, 眍 礤 疱朦弭眍 祗耜箅囹箴铋. 项腩忸 滂祛痿桤 麇蜿 铒疱溴脲.

暑徨腓 爨耨桠礤 祗驽耱忮眄邋 耋 犷脲 恹疣驽眄 躅腙囔 犷脲 牮箫睇扈 泐腩忄扈. 项腠 琊咫铖螯 漕耱桡噱蝰 忸琊囫蝈 漕 3 脲.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is of harmonious build and large stature, moderately long (neither long nor short in body).

Robust, muscular body, voluminous, but not with visible muscles. Sexual dimorphism is clearly defined.

The males are more massive and courageous than females with more pronounced withers and a larger head. Full maturity is reached by the age of 3 years.

 

吕仆叟 闲蜗涡秩

碾桧 觐痫篑 礤祉钽 镳邂噱 恹耦蝮 躅腙.

棋豚蝈脲 犷脲 牮箫睇 痤耱, 眍 镳 耦躔囗屙梃 镳铒铕鲨 耠铈屙.

碾桧 镥疱漤彘 眍汨 漕 腩牝 耦耱噔弪 50-52 % 铗 恹耦螓 耦徉觇 躅腙.

碾桧 祛痄 戾睃 1/2 潆桧 泐腩恹, 眍 犷脲 1/3 潆桧 泐腩恹.

 

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

The length of body only slightly exceeds the height at withers.

Larger stature is desirable but proportional constitution must remain.

Length of forelegs up to the elbow is 50-52 % of the height at the withers.

The length of muzzle is less than 1/2 the length of head, but more than a 1/3.

衔屡呐腿 遗滔判捞磐

逾屦屙眍, 箴噔眍忮眄-耧铌铋眍, 泐痄铄 礤玎忤耔祛.

杨徉赅 铟屙 徨耨蝠帏磬 钺豚溧弪 恹耦觐 疣犷蝾耧铖钺眍耱, 恹眍耠桠铖螯, 镳桉簌桁 怵铈溴眄 桧耱桧牝铎 铛疣睇 疋铄 蝈痧栩铕梃 躅桧.

锗疣牝屦眍 徨耨蝠帏桢 犷瘘徨 牮箫睇扈 蹊桕囔.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT

Self assured, balanced quiet, proud and independent.

The dogs are very courageous and have high working capacity, endurance and a natural instinct of territory.

Fearlessness towards large predators is a characteristic feature.

 

梦宋吕

锑耨桠磬, 镳铒铕鲨铐嚯 钺祗 耠铈屙棹. 灶痨 泐腩恹 镳 忡汶溴 疋屦躞 襻铌 镳栳腓驵弪 镳祛筱铍桕.

HEAD

Massive and in balance with general appearance. Head shape is close to rectangular, seen from above and side.

 

着信贤肋 桌岩

妙腩忄 汶筢铌 麇疱镯铋 鬣耱. 祟 镫铖觇, 麇疱镯 鬣耱 镫铖赅, 潆桧磬. 青螓腩黜 狍泐 躅痤 疣玮栩, 眍 爨腩 玎戾蝈 桤-玎 耔朦眍 疣玮栩铋, 钺祉铋 祗耜箅囹箴. 袜溽痤忭 潴汨 恹疣驽睇 箪屦屙眍.

CRANIAL REGION

Deep in skull. The forehead is flat and the skull part is flat and long. Occiput is well defined but hardly visible, because of well developed muscles. Supraorbital ridges are moderately defined.

 

羊铒: 屿屦屙眍 恹疣驽眄.

Stop: Stop is moderately defined.

 

巳峙吕 桌岩

皖: 填麝 眍襦 牮箫磬, 眍 礤 恹耱箫帼 玎 钺 觐眚箴 祛痄. 肘弪 麇痦, 眍 镳 徨腩 镟脲忸 铌疣皴 漕矬耜噱蝰 铖忮螂屙桢 祛麝 眍襦.

 

填痄: 殷镟 箪屦屙眍 潆桧, 镳 铖祛蝠 疋屦躞 犷牦 镱黩 镳祛筱铍 礤珥圜栩咫 耋驽龛屐 祛麝 眍襦.

填痄 钺祉, 汶筢铌 躅痤 玎镱腠屙磬 镱 汶噻囔. 扬桧赅 眍襦 痤赅, 镳爨, 桧钽溧 耠邈赅 铒簌屙磬.

疹痤 恹疣驽 镱溽铕钿铌.

FACIAL REGION

Nose: Large, well developed but not exceeding the general contour of the muzzle. Colour of the nose is black but in white and fawn coloured dogs the nose can be lighter.

Muzzle: The muzzle is blunt and of moderate length, it is almost rectangular viewed from above and sides and narrowing very slightly towards the nose.

Muzzle is voluminous, deep and well filled under the eyes. Bridge of muzzle is broad, straight and sometimes with a slight down face.

Chin is well developed.

 

皿猁: 皿猁 蝾腭螓, 忮瘐 泱徉 镳 耦礻眢螓 麇膻耱 玎牮噱 龛骓 麇膻耱. 棋豚蝈朦磬 镱腠 麇痦 镨沆屙蜞鲨.

Lips: Thick, upper lips tightly covering the lower lips when the mouth is closed. Full black pigmentation is preferable.

 

族膻耱 / 珞猁: 族膻耱 祛 痤觇.

求猁, 牮箫睇, 徨臌, 镫铗眍 镳桦邈帼 漯筱 漯筱, 42 珞徉 觐祜脲蝈. 绣琏 铖眍忄龛 疣耧铍铈屙 钿眢 腓龛.

橡桕篑 眍骓桷孱狃噻睇, 镳祛, 桦 镫铗睇 镥疱牦 徨 铗躅溧.

孰 痤觐 疣耨蜞怆屙睇. 袜腓麒 耠铎囗睇 桦 恹徼螓 珞犷, 礤 戾桴 铒疱溴脲龛 镳桕篑, 磬 铞屙牦 耦徉觇 礤 怆弪.

Jaws / Teeth: The jaws are strong and broad.

Teeth are large, white and close to each other, 42 in total. Incisors are set on a line.

Scissors bite, pincer bite and also reversed scissors bite is accepted.

Canines are set well apart. An injury to the teeth that does not affect the use of the bite is of no consequence.

 

殃箅: 殃箅钼 潴汨 潆桧睇 躅痤 疣玮栩, 眍 礤 磬痼桢 镳祛筱铍簋 纛痨 泐腩恹.

Cheeks: The Cheekbones are long and well developed, without interfering with the rectangular shape of head.

 

秒噻: 秒噻 耩邃礤泐 疣珈屦, 钼嚯铋 纛痨, 痤觐 疣耨蜞怆屙睇, 镳祛 镱襦驽眄, 箪屦屙眍 汶筢铌 耔.

肘弪 汶噻 铗 蝈祉-觐痂黜邂钽 漕 铕艴钼钽. 令脲 蝈祉 汶噻 镳邃镱黩栩咫. 洛觇 蝾腭螓, 龛骓桢 忮觇 驽豚蝈朦睇 礤 铗忤聒桢.

茵弪 忮觐 礤 忤漤. 橡邃镱黩栩咫 耧腩 镨沆屙蜞鲨 钺忸潢 忮. 橡 膻犷 铌疣皴 忮觇 麇痦. 络汶 筲屦屙睇, 镱腠 漕耱铊眈蜮.

Eyes: Medium sized, with oval form, set well apart, looking straight ahead, and moderately deep set.

The colour of the eyes from dark brown to hazel. The darker colour is preferable. The eyelids are thick and preferably with lower eye lid not too loose.

No visible third eyelid. Fully pigmented eyes rims are preferred. Whatever the colour of coat, eye rims should be black. Expression is confident and dignified.

 

峪: 佯邃礤泐 疣珈屦, 蝠弩泐朦眍 纛痨, 蝾腭螓, 忤麒, 龛珀 镱襦驽眄睇.

丸骓 鬣耱 铖眍忄龛 篚 磬 钿眍 箴钼礤 桦 黧螯 龛驽 汶噻.

茵噤桷桀眄 篪 牦镨痤忄睇, 赅 磬 桦膻耱疣鲨, 怦 妁 铖簌羼蜮弪 耱疣礤 镳铊聃铈溴龛 耱疣磬, 沅  礤 玎镳妁屙 玎觐眍.

Ears: Medium sized, triangular shape, thick, low set and hanging.

Lower part of ear base is level with, or slightly below the eyes.

Traditional ear-cropping, in the fashion illustrated on the cover, is still practiced in country of origin and in countries where it is not prohibited by law.

 

劐 耩邃礤 潆桧, 铟屙 祛, 钼嚯 皴麇龛, 祗耜箅桉蜞, 龛珀钽 恹躅溧. 项溻羼 怆弪 铖钺屙眍耱 镱痤潲.

NECK

The neck is of medium length, very powerful, oval at cross-section, well muscled, and low set. Dewlap is a specific breed feature.

 

饰邢友

髓龛 忮瘐: 躅痤 镳铒铕鲨 篑蝾轺桠, 漕腈磬 耦躔囗螯 耱铋赍.

疹腙: 疹痤 恹疣驽磬, 铖钺屙眍 觐徨脲, 祗耜箅桉蜞, 潆桧磬 恹耦赅, 躅痤 恹疣驽眄 镥疱躅漕 耧桧.

扬桧: 镳爨, 痤赅, 祗耜箅桉蜞, 羿牝梓羼赅 潆桧 耦耱噔弪 铌铍 1 / 2 疣耨蝾龛 铗 躅腙 漕 觐痦 踱铖蜞.

项耥桷: 觐痤蜿, 痤赅, 祗耜箅桉蜞, 耠邈赅 恹矬觌.

BODY

Top line: Well proportioned and well sustained, and must keep typical topline in stance.

Withers: Well defined, especially in males, muscular, long and high, with well defined transition to the back.

Back: Straight, broad, well muscled, the actual length is about 1/2 of the length from the withers to tail set.

Loin: Short, broad, muscled, slightly arched.

 

署箫: 耩邃礤 潆桧, 痤觇, 祗耜箅桉螓, 耠邈赅 磬觌铐睇 铖眍忄龛 踱铖蜞. 蔓耦蜞 躅腙 镳邂噱 恹耦蝮 磬 牮箫铎 磬 1-2 耢.

灭箐: 汶筢铌, 潆桧磬, 痤赅, 躅痤 疣玮栩, 沭箐磬 觌弪赅 疣聒桊弪 耧桧. 祟骓 疱狃 潆桧睇.

丸骓 鬣耱 沭箐 磬 钿眍 箴钼礤 腩牝屐 桦 黧螯 龛驽. 襄疱漤 鬣耱 沭箐 礤珥圜栩咫 恹耱箫噱 玎 腓龛 镫鬻咫铒囹铟睇 耦麟屙屙栝.

髓龛 龛玎 骅忸: 畦忸 箪屦屙眍 镱潋眢.

Croup: Moderately long, broad, well muscled, slightly sloping to tail set. The height at the withers exceeds the height over rump by 1-2 cm.

Chest: Deep, long, broad, distinctly developed, ribcage broadening towards the back. False ribs are long.

Lower part of the chest is level with the elbow or slightly below. Fore chest extends slightly in front of the humerus/scapula joint.

Underline and belly: Belly is moderately tucked up.

 

章窝

翌腭螓 铖眍忄龛, 漕耱囹铟眍 恹耦觐 镱襦驽. 羼蝈耱忮眄铎 耦耱龛 皴痫钼桎眍 纛痨 桦 疋屦眢螓 觐朦鲱 镱耠邃礤 蝠弪.

忸玑箧溴眄铎 耦耱龛 镱漤桁噱蝰 漕 腓龛 耧桧 桦 恹. 耧铌铋眍 耦耱龛 铒簌屙.

茵噤桷桀眄 牦镨痤怅 踱铖蜞, 赅 磬 桦膻耱疣鲨, 怦 妁 铖簌羼蜮弪 耱疣礤 镳铊聃铈溴龛 耱疣磬, 沅  礤 玎镳妁屙 玎觐眍.

篷蝈耱忮眄 踱铖 桁邋 疣忭簋 鲥眄铖螯 牦镨痤忄眄铎 踱铖蝮.

TAIL

Thick at the base and set fairly high. The natural tail is carried in a sickle curve or curled in a loose ring that begins at the last third of the tail.

When alert the tail rises to the line of back or slightly above. Hanging at rest.

Traditional tail docking, in the fashion illustrated on the cover, is still practiced in country of origin and in countries where it is not prohibited by law.

Natural tail is of equal value to a docked tail.

 

饰团淄窝胰:

吓信耐扰 饰团淄窝胰:
吾 忤: 襄疱漤桢 觐礤黜铖蜩 镳禧 牮屣觇 觐耱觐, 镳 忤溴 耧屦邃 镟疣腚咫 礤 犭桤觐 镱耱噔脲眄 漯筱 漯筱. 橡 忤溴 襻铌 – 镳邃镫鬻 镳禧.
祟镟蜿: 祟镟蜿 潆桧磬, 躅痤 铗眢蜞 磬玎, 纛痨桊簋 筱铍 镫鬻铎 铌铍 100° (筱铍 镫鬻-腩镟蝾黜钽 耦麟屙屙). 疹痤 钺祗耜箅屙.
想鬻: 袜觌铐眍, 潆桧眍, 牮屣觐.
祟觐螯: 橡噔桦 疣耧铍铈屙, 礤 恹忮痦篁 龛 忸 忭篁瘘, 龛 磬痼骟.
橡邃镫鬻: 橡祛, 铟屙 牮屣觇 觐耱觐, 潆桧眍, 钼嚯铄 皴麇龛.
耱: 屿屦屙眍 潆桧, 痤觇, 牮屣觇, 铗忮耥 耱.
襄疱漤桢 豚稃: 令朦, 铌痼汶, 疋钿桉螓 镟朦鳆, 镱潴麝 犷朦 (耔耱) 镫铗睇, 觐泸 祛泱 猁螯 膻犷泐 鲡弪.

抢耐扰 饰团淄窝胰:
吾 忤: 蔓汶 耒噤 镳禧扈 镟疣腚咫, 疣耧铍铈屙 礤祉钽 疱, 麇 镥疱漤桢 觐礤黜铖蜩.
铃漯: 罔痤觐, 箪屦屙眍 潆桧眍 铟屙 钺祗耜箅屙眍.
暑脲眍: 湾 恹忮痦篁 龛 忸 忭篁瘘, 龛 磬痼骟. 鱼铍 觐脲眄钽 耋耱噔 箪屦屙睇.
妙脲睃: 项黩 蜞觐 驽 潆桧, 赅 徨漯.
殃嚓囹咫 耋耱噔: 屿屦屙睇 筱铍.
想磬: 西屙 牮屣赅 箪屦屙眍 潆桧, 铗忮耥. 铃 镳栳 镟朦鲥.
青漤桢 豚稃: 令朦, 铌痼汶, 疋钿桉螓 镟朦鳆, 镱潴麝 犷朦 (耔耱) 镫铗睇, 觐泸 祛泱 猁螯 膻犷泐 鲡弪.

LIMBS:

FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance: Forelegs are straight with strong bone, seen from the front parallel and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
Shoulder: Shoulder blade long, well laid back, forming an angle with the upper arm about 100°. Well muscled.
Upper arm: Oblique, long, and strong.
Elbow: Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm: Straight, very strong bone, long, oval cross-section.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Moderate length, broad, strong, upright pasterns.
Forefeet: Large, rounded, arching toes, pads are voluminous and thick; nails could be of any color.

HINDQUARTERS:
General appearance: Viewed from the rear straight and parallel, set a little wider than forequarters.
Thigh: Broad, moderately long and strongly muscled.
Stifle (Knee): Turning neither in nor out. The knee angulation is moderate.
Lower thigh: Of almost the same length as upper thigh.
Hock joint: Moderate angle.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Very strong of moderate length, perpendicular. No dewclaws.
Hind feet: Large, rounded, arching toes, pads are voluminous and thick; nails could be of any color.

穆绕磐冗:

疹痤 襻嚯囗耔痤忄眄 箫痼汨. 宣顸 耦 疋钺钿睇 恹爨躅 镥疱漤桴 祛 蝾膑觐 玎漤桴 觐礤黜铖蝈. 骂 怵屐 溻桄屙 腓龛 忮瘐 镳铟磬. 埋 耋耱噔 疣玢栳帼蝰 徨 篑桦. 溻桄屙梃 筱臌 玎漤桴 觐礤黜铖蝈 犷脲 恹疣驽睇, 麇 耱铋赍.

GAIT / MOVEMENT:

Well balanced and elastic. Trot with free reach in the forequarters and with powerful drive from the hindquarters. Top line is steady while moving. All joints to bend without effort. The angulations in hindquarters is more distinct when moving than in standing pose.

饰评:

翌腭蜞, 漕耱囹铟眍 囫蜩黜, 疋钺钿眍 疣耧铍嚆帼 (铗眍耔蝈朦眍 祗耜箅囹箴), 蝈 襦禧 镳邃铛疣 铗 镱怵彐溴龛 犷 蹊桕囔.

SKIN:

Thick, sufficiently elastic loose lying to prevent injuries if in combat with predators.

嘏醒彝凵 衔市温:

劐瘃螯: 吾桦 (泱耱), 镳爨 沭筢 躅痤 疣玮栩 镱澍屦耱觐. 劐瘃螯 磬 泐腩忮 磬 镥疱漤彘 耱铕铐 觐礤黜铖蝈 觐痤蜿 镫铗磬. 劐瘃螯 磬 躅腙 鬣耱 潆桧礤. 项牮钼睇 忸腩 祛驽 猁螯 觐痤蜿桁 桦 耠邈赅 箐腓礤眄. 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 潆桧 铖眍忭钽 (铖蝈忸泐) 忸腩襦 瘃螯 祛驽 猁螯 赅 觐痤麇 (3-5 耢), 镱牮 觐痫篑 鲥腓觐, 蜞 潆桧礤 (7-10 耢), 纛痨桊 沭桠 磬 , 铟羼 玎 篪囔, 磬 玎漤桴 耱铕铐圊 觐礤黜铖蝈 踱铖蝈.

侮疣: 塔犷, 桉觌 沐礤蜩麇耜 钺篑腩怆屙睇 泐塍犷 沐礤蜩麇耜 钺篑腩怆屙睇 觐痂黜邂 疣珉梓睇 觐灬桧圉 麇痦 镫帙 磬 瘥驽忄蝾-觐痂黜邂铎 (铍屙) 铌疣皴.

COAT:

Hair: Abundant, straight coarse and with well developed undercoat. Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and dense. Coat on withers is often longer. The guard coat can be short or slightly longer. Depending on the length of the outer coat there can be either shorter hair (3-5 cm), covering the whole body or with longer hair (7-10 cm) which forms a mane on the neck, feathers behind the ears and on the back parts of the limbs and on the tail.

Colour: Any, except genetic blue and genetic brown in any combination and black mantel on tan.

欣翘判 屡:

蔓耦蜞 躅腙:
暑徨腓 – 扈龛祗 70 耢,
耋觇 – 扈龛祗 65 耢.
署箫睇 痤耱 驽豚蝈脲, 眍 镳铒铕鲨铐嚯铄 耱痤屙桢 漕腈眍 耦躔囗螯.

洛:
觐徨腓 – 扈龛祗 50 赉,
耋觇 – 扈龛祗 40 赉.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height at the withers:
Males: Minimum 70 cms.
Females: Minimum 65 cms.
Large size desirable, but proportional constitution must remain.

Weight:
Males: Minimum 50 kgs.
Females: Minimum 40 kgs.

团奈岩酪嗜:

塔犷 铗觌铐屙桢 铗 镳邃耱怏桴 矬黻蝾 祛驽 聍栩囹 礤漕耱囹觐, 恹疣驽眄铖螯 觐蝾痤泐 漕腈磬 篦栩囹 蝾黜铎 耦铗眍龛 邈 耱屣屙 怆龛屐 磬 玟铕钼 犭嚆铒铍篦桢 耦徉觇.

• 礤珥圜栩咫 铗觌铐屙 铗 镱痤漤钽 蜩镟
• 耋赅 觐徨腓眍 蜩镥
• 铌痼汶 麇疱, 箸赅 祛痄 箸赅 龛骓 麇膻耱, 爨脲睃赅 祛麝 眍襦
• 觐耦 镱耱噔脲眄 桦 犭桤觐 镱襦驽眄 汶噻, 铗忤聒桢 (覃瘥) 忮觇
• 恹耦觐 镱襦驽眄 篪
• 蝾黻桢 桦 疋钺钿眍 忤 (覃瘥) 泱猁
• 恹耦觐玎漕耱, 觐痤蜿钼囹 牮箫
• 箸赅 沭箐
• 桤腓 恹疣驽眄 筱臌 玎漤桴 觐礤黜铖蝈
• 疣耧簌屙睇 豚稃 潆桧睇 镟朦鳆
• 溻桄屙桢 恹耦觇 镱潸屐铎 觐礤黜铖蝈, 耠邈赅 疣玑嚯囗耔痤忄眄 溻桄屙
• 铟屙 觐痤蜿 瘃螯

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

• Slight deviations from the breed type.
• Female tending male type.
• Rounded skull, narrow muzzle & narrow lower jaw, small nose.
• Eyes obliquely or close set, loose eyelids.
• Ears high set.
• Thin or loose hanging lips.
• High over the croup. Slightly short croup.
• Narrow front.
• Exaggerated angulations in hindquarters.
• Splayed feet and long toes.
• Hackney gait, slightly un-balanced movement.
• Very short coat

雅熊ㄇ哇 团奈岩朗:

• 礤疴铉眍耱
• 珥圜栩咫铄 铗觌铐屙桢 铗 蝠遽箦祛泐 蜩镟 觐眈蜩蝮鲨
• 恹耦觐眍泐耱, 脲汴栝 觐耱, 耠噌 祗耜箅囹箴
• 耠桫觐 疋弪臌 桦 恹矬觌 汶噻
• 龛耧噤帼 腓龛 忮瘐
• 耔朦磬 恹耦觐玎漕耱
• 箸觇, 觐痤蜿栝 镱赅螓 (耜铠屙睇) 牮箫
• 怵铈溴眄 牦鲥踱铖蝾耱, 玎腩禧 磬 踱铖蝈
• 耠桫觐 恹耦觇 (潆桧睇) 耱, 疱珀 磬觌铐睇 耱
• 耠桫觐 镱漶蜞怆屙睇 镱 觐痫篑 玎漤桢 觐礤黜铖蜩
• 恹耦蜞 躅腙 龛驽 篑蜞眍怆屙眍泐 扈龛祗爨 犷脲, 麇 磬 2 耢

 

SEVERE FAULTS:

• Highly strung.
• Significant deviation from required type and constitution.
• Leggy appearance; light in bone, soft muscles.
• Eyes too light or bulging eyes.
• Top line falling away.
• Croup much higher than the withers.
• Narrow, short and steep croup.
• Natural stubbed tail, kinked tail.
• Pasterns too high, down in pastern.
• Hindquarters set too far under body.
• Height at withers 2 cm less than stated minimum.

娜咽吕巳匀秩杏拶扰 衔形嗜:

• 嚆疱耨桠睇 桦 黟彗戾痦 蝠篑腓恹 耦徉觇
• 膻徉 耦徉赅, 忭 溴祛眈蝠桊簋 翳玷麇耜桢 桦 镱忮溴眵羼觇 礤漕耱囹觇, • 漕腈磬 猁螯 滂耜忄腓翳鲨痤忄磬
• 痤犷耱, 疋屦踱铉狍滂祛耱
• 觐徨腓 耋鼽屐 蜩镥
• 礤漕牦 桦 镥疱牦 铗躅漕
• 汶噻 疣珥钽 鲡弪, 泐塍猁 桦 珏脲睇 汶噻, 觐耦汶噻桢
• 耠噌 翳犟圉 耋耱噔钼
• 瘃螯 沐礤蜩麇耜 钺耋腩怆屙眍泐 觐痂黜邂钽 桦 泐塍犷泐 鲡弪 膻犷 耦麇蜞龛
• 瘥驽忄蝾-觐痂黜邂 (铍屙栝) 铌疣 踵疣牝屦睇 麇痦 镫帙铎
• 牦瘅噔 桦 汴 瘃螯
• 疣玑嚯囗耔痤忄眄 溻桄屙

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• Timid, overexcited.
• Male of female type.
• Overshot or distinctly undershot bite.
• Eyes of different colour, blue or green eyes; squint.
• Loose joints.
• Coat of any combination of genetic brown or genetic blue colour.
• Colour that is tan with distinctive black mantle.
• Coat that is curly or soft.
• Unbalanced movement

 

瘟欣胰臆 峦忍劳扰: 暑徨腓 漕腈睇 桁弪 2 铟邂桎眍 眍痨嚯 (镱腠铞屙眍 疣玮栩) 皴戾眄桕, 镱腠铖螯 铒簌屙睇 祛黻. N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
 

 


唔溴犟.体蝠桕